Corridors of migrating neurons in the human brain and their decline during infancy.

Bibliographic Collection: 
MOCA Reference, APE
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Sanai, Nader; Nguyen, Thuhien; Ihrie, Rebecca A; Mirzadeh, Zaman; Tsai, Hui-Hsin; Wong, Michael; Gupta, Nalin; Berger, Mitchel S; Huang, Eric; Garcia-Verdugo, Jose-Manuel; Rowitch, David H; Alvarez-Buylla, Arturo
Year of Publication: 2011
Journal: Nature
Volume: 478
Issue: 7369
Pagination: 382-6
Date Published: 2011 Oct 20
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 1476-4687
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Brain, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, Child, Child, Preschool, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Middle Aged, Neurons, Olfactory Pathways

The subventricular zone of many adult non-human mammals generates large numbers of new neurons destined for the olfactory bulb. Along the walls of the lateral ventricles, immature neuronal progeny migrate in tangentially oriented chains that coalesce into a rostral migratory stream (RMS) connecting the subventricular zone to the olfactory bulb. The adult human subventricular zone, in contrast, contains a hypocellular gap layer separating the ependymal lining from a periventricular ribbon of astrocytes. Some of these subventricular zone astrocytes can function as neural stem cells in vitro, but their function in vivo remains controversial. An initial report found few subventricular zone proliferating cells and rare migrating immature neurons in the RMS of adult humans. In contrast, a subsequent study indicated robust proliferation and migration in the human subventricular zone and RMS. Here we find that the infant human subventricular zone and RMS contain an extensive corridor of migrating immature neurons before 18 months of age but, contrary to previous reports, this germinal activity subsides in older children and is nearly extinct by adulthood. Surprisingly, during this limited window of neurogenesis, not all new neurons in the human subventricular zone are destined for the olfactory bulb--we describe a major migratory pathway that targets the prefrontal cortex in humans. Together, these findings reveal robust streams of tangentially migrating immature neurons in human early postnatal subventricular zone and cortex. These pathways represent potential targets of neurological injuries affecting neonates.

DOI: 10.1038/nature10487
Alternate Journal: Nature
Related MOCA Topics: