The coming of age of self-mutilation.

Bibliographic Collection: 
MOCA Reference, APE
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Favazza, A R
Year of Publication: 1998
Journal: J Nerv Ment Dis
Volume: 186
Issue: 5
Pagination: 259-68
Date Published: 05/1998
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 0022-3018
Keywords: Adolescent, Adult, Behavior Therapy, Ceremonial Behavior, Combined Modality Therapy, Culture, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Models, Psychological, Psychology, Adolescent, Psychotherapy, Religion and Psychology, Self Mutilation, Self-Injurious Behavior, Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors, Stereotypic Movement Disorder, Symbolism

Self-mutilation (SM), the deliberate, nonsuicidal destruction of one's own body tissue, occurs in such culturally sanctioned practices as tattooing; body piercing; and healing, spiritual, and order-preserving rituals. As a symptom, it has typically been regarded as a manifestation of borderline behavior and misidentified as a suicide attempt. It has begun to attract mainstream media attention, and many more who suffer from it are expected to seek treatment. This review suggests that SM can best be understood as a morbid self-help effort providing rapid but temporary relief from feelings of depersonalization, guilt, rejection, and boredom as well as hallucinations, sexual preoccupations, and chaotic thoughts. Major SM includes infrequent acts such as eye enucleation and castration, commonly associated with psychosis and intoxication. Stereotypic SM includes such acts as head banging and self-biting most often accompanying Tourette's syndrome and severe mental retardation. Superficial/moderate SM includes compulsive acts such as trichotillomania and skin picking and such episodic acts as skin-cutting and burning, which evolve into an axis I syndrome of repetitive impulse dyscontrol with protean symptoms.

Alternate Journal: J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
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