Genetic adaptation to pathogens and increased risk of inflammatory disorders in post-Neolithic Europe.

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Kerner, Gaspard; Neehus, Anna-Lena; Philippot, Quentin; Bohlen, Jonathan; Rinchai, Darawan; Kerrouche, Nacim; Puel, Anne; Zhang, Shen-Ying; Boisson-Dupuis, Stéphanie; Abel, Laurent; Casanova, Jean-Laurent; Patin, Etienne; Laval, Guillaume; Quintana-Murci, Lluis
Year of Publication: 2023
Journal: Cell Genom
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Pagination: 100248
Date Published: 2023 Feb 08
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 2666-979X

Ancient genomics can directly detect human genetic adaptation to environmental cues. However, it remains unclear how pathogens have exerted selective pressures on human genome diversity across different epochs and affected present-day inflammatory disease risk. Here, we use an ancestry-aware approximate Bayesian computation framework to estimate the nature, strength, and time of onset of selection acting on 2,879 ancient and modern European genomes from the last 10,000 years. We found that the bulk of genetic adaptation occurred after the start of the Bronze Age, <4,500 years ago, and was enriched in genes relating to host-pathogen interactions. Furthermore, we detected directional selection acting on specific leukocytic lineages and experimentally demonstrated that the strongest negatively selected candidate variant in immunity genes, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein () D283G, is hypomorphic. Finally, our analyses suggest that the risk of inflammatory disorders has increased in post-Neolithic Europeans, possibly because of antagonistic pleiotropy following genetic adaptation to pathogens.

DOI: 10.1016/j.xgen.2022.100248
Alternate Journal: Cell Genom