Kantis: A new Australopithecus site on the shoulders of the Rift Valley near Nairobi, Kenya

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Emma Mbua; Soichiro Kusaka; Yutaka Kunimatsu; Denis Geraads; Yoshihiro Sawada; Francis H. Brown; Tetsuya Sakai; Jean-Renaud Boisserie; Mototaka Saneyoshi; Christine Omuombo; Samuel Muteti; Takafumi Hirata; Akira Hayashida; Hideki Iwano; Tohru Danhara; René Bobe; Brian Jicha; Masato Nakatsukasa
Year of Publication: 2016
Journal: Journal of Human Evolution
Volume: 94
Pagination: 28 - 44
Date Published: 05/2016
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 0047-2484
Keywords: Carbon stable isotope, Hominin; Fossils, Paleoenvironment, Pliocene

Most Plio-Pleistocene sites in the Gregory Rift Valley that have yielded abundant fossil hominins lie on the Rift Valley floor. Here we report a new Pliocene site, Kantis, on the shoulder of the Gregory Rift Valley, which extends the geographical range of Australopithecus afarensis to the highlands of Kenya. This species, known from sites in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and possibly Kenya, is believed to be adapted to a wide spectrum of habitats, from open grassland to woodland. The Kantis fauna is generally similar to that reported from other contemporaneous A. afarensis sites on the Rift Valley floor. However, its faunal composition and stable carbon isotopic data from dental enamel suggest a stronger C4 environment than that present at those sites. Although the Gregory Rift Valley has been the focus of paleontologists' attention for many years, surveys of the Rift shoulder may provide new perspective on African Pliocene mammal and hominin evolution.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.01.006