Prenatal experience with language shapes the brain.

Bibliographic Collection: 
Publication Type: Journal Article
Authors: Mariani, Benedetta; Nicoletti, Giorgio; Barzon, Giacomo; Ortiz Barajas, Maria Clemencia; Shukla, Mohinish; Guevara, Ramón; Suweis, Samir Simon; Gervain, Judit
Year of Publication: 2023
Journal: Sci Adv
Volume: 9
Issue: 47
Pagination: eadj3524
Date Published: 2023 Nov 24
Publication Language: eng
ISSN: 2375-2548
Keywords: Adult, Brain, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Language, Language Development, Learning, Speech Perception

Human infants acquire language with notable ease compared to adults, but the neural basis of their remarkable brain plasticity for language remains little understood. Applying a scaling analysis of neural oscillations to address this question, we show that newborns' electrophysiological activity exhibits increased long-range temporal correlations after stimulation with speech, particularly in the prenatally heard language, indicating the early emergence of brain specialization for the native language.

DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.adj3524
Alternate Journal: Sci Adv