Enforcement through Sanctions

Certainty Style Key

Certainty styling is being phased out topic by topic.

Hover over keys for definitions:
True   Likely   Speculative
Human Uniqueness Compared to "Great Apes": 
Relative Difference
MOCA Domain: 
MOCA Topic Authors: 

Sanctions for the breaking of law or other social norms and agreements are found in all human societies.  Some sanctions--such as expulsion, ostracism, self-help, withdrawal of benefits, and corporal punishment--are found among other primates. Supernatural sanctions, however, are either universal or nearly so and are uniquely human. Yet other sanctions are uniquely human but neither universal nor nearly so.

The antiquity of supernatural sanctions is unknown.

Related MOCA Topics


No related publications have been added for this topic