Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate

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Human Uniqueness Compared to "Great Apes": 
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The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, the rate at which red blood cells settle out of whole blood under standardized conditions) is higher in greater apes than in humans. However, many inflammatory disease states will increase the ESR in humans, and it is possible that this is a sign of some chronic parasitic infestations in great apes. In a recent publication, the previously reported high ESR in chimpanzees could not be replicated.

Susan Howell, Kathleen Hoffman, Lyle Bartel, Melanie Schwandt, Joanne Morris, Jo Fritz. Normal hematologic and serum clinical chemistry values for captive chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes) Comparative Medicine August 2003, 414-423.

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