Reciprocal Altruism

Certainty Style Key

Certainty styling is being phased out topic by topic.

Hover over keys for definitions:
True   Likely   Speculative
Human Uniqueness Compared to "Great Apes": 
Relative Difference
MOCA Domain: 
MOCA Topic Authors: 

Reciprocal altruism is a form of altruism in which one organism provides a benefit to another, often at a cost to itself, in the expectation of future reciprocation. This behavior is found among humans in many forms: friendship, adult-child relationships, etc. There is controversy as to whether great apes exhibit reciprocal altruism. It may be seen when a dominant chimpanzee male allows another male to mate with a female in hopes of receiving support in the future.

Related MOCA Topics
Referenced By:
Topic Certainty
Food Sharing Likely
Home Base Likely
Moral Sense True


  1. The evolutionary origin of human hyper-cooperation., Burkart, J M., Allon O, Amici F, Fichtel C, Finkenwirth C, Heschl A, Huber J, Isler K, Kosonen Z K., Martins E, et al. , Nat Commun, 2014, Volume 5, p.4747, (2014)