The Role of Hunting in Anthropogeny
Hunting has long been seen as a key human adaptation, thought to have influenced our anatomy, physiology and behavior. Humans have been hunter/gatherers for most of our existence as a species; only today are the last hunter/gatherer cultures being lost. However, there is considerable uncertainty about where, when, why and how our early ancestors came to consume vertebrate meat on a regular basis. Cutmarks on fossil bones are open to multiple interpretations (for example, were processed carcasses hunted or scavenged?). We can look to our closest relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos, for clues – but surprisingly, there is still significant uncertainty about why chimpanzees hunt, why it is usually a male activity, or what explains dramatic differences between populations in rates of meat consumption. The goal of this CARTA symposium is to explore evidence pertaining to understanding the origins of hominin hunting in an attempt to focus research agendas for the future.
Media for each talk can be played by clicking on icons in the "Media" column, or by clicking on the individual talk titles below and then the attachment file at the bottom of the page.
|Welcome & Opening Remarks||
Pascal Gagneux, University of California, San Diego
Richard Wrangham, Harvard University
|Nutritional Significance of Meat||Alyssa Crittenden, University of Nevada, Las Vegas|
|Why Foragers Hunt||Rebecca Bliege Bird, Pennsylvania State University|
|Pan the Hunter: Ecological Explanations for Chimpanzee Predation||Ian Gilby, Arizona State University|
|Social Explanations for Chimpanzee Hunting||David Watts, Yale University|
|Hunting by Savanna - Living Chimpanzees||Jill Pruetz, Texas State University|
|How We Determine What Food Fueled Human Evolution||Margaret Schoeninger, University of California, San Diego|
|The Ecology of Hominin Scavenging||Briana Pobiner, Smithsonian Institution|
|How Control of Fire Changed Hunting||Richard Wrangham, Harvard University|
|Wrap-up, Question and Answer Session, Closing Remarks||
James Moore, Assoc. Prof. Emeritus, Anthropology Dept, UCSD
Ajit Varki, UC San Diego School of Medicine
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